WP1 - Project Management
Leading institution: ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA (INGV)
Work Package 1 (WP1) - “Project Management” - focuses on the organisational, administrative and financial management of the project. Its main aim is to ensure that the project meets all of its objectives on time, at a high level of quality and within the allocated budget. In addition, it manages and facilitates a continuous flow of information and exchange between the project and the European Commission as well as among the consortium and with other related activities and research projects.
The main objective of WP1 is the overall management of the project.
Task 1.1 - Coordination and meeting organization
This task collect several actions:
- Organization of the consortium functioning and effectiveness,
- Overall coordination of efforts, the workflow, administrative aspects,
- Monitoring principles and procedures defined in the Consortium Agreement matching into a complete and effective delivery of project results, according to deliverables and milestones.
The backbone of the coordination and management effort is performed at various levels and processes. The decision‐making process pertains to a progression of documented meetings.
INGV provides and maintains the software tools to facilitate collaboration. This infrastructure includes a repository for joint document creation and code development and a mailing list for consortium members.
Kick-off (M1) meeting held in Brussels at DG-ECHO. Five internal meetings to be held at INGV in Rome, every six months (Month 1, 6, 12, 18, 24). More informal internal meetings are kept regularly by Skype or similar connection systems. The Final Conference will be held at INGV at M31.
Task 1.2 - Financial management
This task covers all areas of financial planning, budgeting, accounting, auditing, submission of Cost Statements, receipt of funds from the Commission and financial transfers between the coordinator and partners, as well as the handling of income and expenditure for any items that are centrally managed on behalf of the group as a whole.
Task 1.2 actions are performed through:
- regular internal monitoring of budget costs and expenses incurred according to the financial planning approved by the Commission and to the rules of the Grant Agreement
- managing any budget transfer requests, if needed to ensure the proper tasks accomplishment;
- final reporting to the EC.
The financial management is carried out at INGV headquarter and project partners’ offices.
Task 1.3 - Reporting and dissemination to the EC
This task ensures the correct and smooth communication with the Commission.
Nine Reports (5 technical meetings reports, 3 progress reports and the final report) to the Commission will be submitted in accordance with established rules and regulation, the Grant Agreement and the Consortium Agreement.
WP2 - Land subsidence and sea level rise projections
Leading institution: ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA (INGV)
The Work Package 2 (WP2) aims to estimate the relative sea level rise projections expected in the Case Studies areas up to the year 2100.
Because sea level rise along the coast is caused by the combined effects of the change of sea volume due to global warming and vertical land movements due to natural and anthropogenic causes, the activities of WP2 are structured into three different Tasks (Task 2.1, Task 2.2 and Task 2.3) that aim to estimate both these effects. The goal is to provide local sea level rise projections for the next decades, assuming that land subsidence will continue in the next years at the same rates as today while sea level will rise according to different climatic scenarios expected.
Task 2.1 provides new estimates of the current rates of land subsidence along the coasts through the analysis of the time series of geodetic data from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver stations placed at specific locations. Task 2.2 estimates the spatial distribution of land subsidence through Earth Observation from satellites equipped with Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). Both techniques allow us to map millimetre-scale vertical land movements. The estimated rates of vertical land movements are then included in the analysis of relative sea level rise projections, carried out by Task2.3. This task includes a re-analysis of the sea level rise projections released by the IPCC (SROCC 2019 for the RCP4.5 and 8.5 climatic scenarios).
The main objective of WP2 is to provide specific relative sea level rise projections for the Case Studies and Areas of Study. The analysis includes the contribution of vertical land movements that may exacerbate the sea level rise at local scale for specific sites of the Euro-Mediterranean area.
Task 2.1 – Land subsidence from continuous monitoring GPS stations (Global Navigation Satellite System - GNSS).
The analysis of time series of available geodetic data from GNSS networks provide the rates of land subsidence at specific monitoring stations placed in the Euro-Mediterranean area and support calibration of InSAR observations in the Case Studies and Study Areas.
Data analysis is performed at the INGV GPS data analysis centre through powerful computers and suitable scientific software.
Task 2.2 - Maps of Land subsidence by Interferometric Synthetic-Aperture Radar (InSAR) analysis.
The analysis of Earth Observation data of InSAR satellites provide the current rate of areal land subsidence for the Ebro river delta (Spain), the Venice lagoon (Italy), Thessaloniki (Greece), the Basento reclamation (Italy) and Alexandria – Nile river delta (Egypt).
Task 2.3 – Relative Sea Level Rise (RSLR) from GNSS and InSAR data.
RSLR projections at 20-30 years and up to 2100 will be derived.
The reanalysis of sea level rise projections released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), takes into account the contribution of land subsidence presently occurring along the coasts, as estimated by GNSS and InSAR data.
RSLR projections are computed for the Case Studies to support the production of high-resolution multi-temporal maps of flooding scenarios.
WP3 - Mapping coastal zones
Leading institution: ARISTOTELIO PANEPISTIMIO THESSALONIKIS (AUTH)
WP3 aims to provide high and ultra-high resolution mapping in the selected coastal zones of the SAVEMEDCOASTS-2 project. To achieve this goal, Laser Imaging Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) data and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) imagery, are used to provide accurate high-resolution mapping. In order to be able to provide accurate assessments of the sea level rise impact in short- and medium-term scenarios, accurate high-resolution 3D models are necessary. LIDAR data and UAV imagery can provide the required accuracy and resolution of the coastal topography. While Lidar data (available only from national authorities of Italy, Spain and France) can provide accuracies of 10-20 cm and resolutions of 1-2 m, UAV processed data can produce 3D models with an accuracy of 1-5 cm and a resolution of 2-10 cm. LIDAR data are analysed for the case study areas of Ebro river delta (Spain), the Venice Lagoon (Italy) and Basento Reclamation area (Italy), and the Study Area of Rhone river delta (France), leading to the production of high-resolution digital maps. UAV imagery is used to produce ultra-high-resolution maps for the Chalastra plain in Greece. For the area of study of Alexandria, in the Nile delta (Egypt), and the areas surrounding the case study of Chalastra (Greece), since high resolution data are not available, low resolution data from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are used.
These maps support the assessment of the sea level rise impacts in both Case Studies and Study Areas.
- To produce high resolution Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) using LIDAR data for the Case Studies of Ebro (Spain), Venice and Basento (Italy) and the Study Area of Rhone (France).
- To provide ultra-high-resolution maps of the Chalastra plain (Greece) in the Chalastra plain (Greece) using UAV imagery.
- To provide low resolution Digital Terrain Models (DTM) for the Study Area of Alexandria (Egypt) and the surrounding zone of Chalastra (Greece), using SRTM data.
- To provide support for the implementation of the KnowRIskFlood campaign in the Chalastra Region.
Task 3.1 - LIDAR analysis and mapping
LIDAR data are used to produce of high resolution DTM/DSM maps
Available LIDAR data are first analysed and then processed to produce the maps.
The task is pursued for the Case Study of Ebro river delta (Spain), the Venice Lagoon (Italy) and the Basento reclamation area (Italy) and in the Study Area of the Rhone river delta (France). This task includes the analysis of SRTM data for the Study Area of Alexandria, in the Nile delta (Egypt).
Task 3.2 - Aerial photogrammetry from UAV surveys and other data (Greece)
Ultra high resolution DTM/DSM maps for selected areas in the Chalstra plain are produced through the implementation of a UAV imagery acquisition survey.
The acquired imagery data is photogrammetric processed to obtain a high resolution mapping of Chalastra plain (Greece), integrated with low resolution SRTM data for nearby zones.
Task 3.3 - Support to workshop with stakeholders and KnowRiskFlood in the Chalastra plain
WP3 provides support for the stakeholder workshop and the implementation of the KnowRIskFlood risk communication campaign in the Chalastra region
The support includes the organization of one KnowRIskFlood campaign and contacting and involving schools and teachers in the Chalastra plain (Greece).
WP4 - Flooding scenarios and cascading effects: definition and assessment
Leading institution: FONDAZIONE AMBIENTE RICERCA BASILICATA (FARBAS)
The high population density concentrated on the coastline and the progressive growth of economic and touristic activities are linked to the use of marine and coastal resources. These are some of the issues threatening the delicate natural framework of sea-side areas and in-shore coasts as well as the objective issues related to the management of coastal risks mainly concerning erosion and flooding and climate change. In such a context, mostly sensitive and vulnerable, appropriate resources to improve and implement monitoring systems, both conventional and innovative, as well as modelling procedures able to continuously support the planning and management activities must be developed and employed.
Work Package 4 (WP4) proposes the implementation of expeditive methodologies for riverine and coastal flooding in order to define possible combined inundation scenarios taking into account SLR, subsidence, storm-surge and river flooding events referred to different return periods and the relative cascade effects on the main territorial elements.
The specific objectives of WP4 are:
- definition of the possible inundation scenarios for each Case Study and different return periods;
- preliminary assessment of cascading effects on territory, environment and human systems.
Task 4.1 - Combined coastal flooding scenarios
Based on the definition of relative sea level rise (RSLR) projections at 20-30 years and up to 2100 in targeted areas derived from the WP2, the task deals with the proposition of inundation scenarios resulting from the combined effects of the different driving forces. That is, moving from the expeditive methodology for coastal flooding risk assessment implemented in SAVEMEDCOASTS, the combination of sea level rise, subsidence, storm-surge and/or river flooding events referred to different return periods is considered and adopted to define the flooding scenarios for the Case Studies.
The combined coastal flooding scenarios is computed coupling expeditive methodologies and modelling to obtain the possible inundation scenarios for different return periods and referring to the projections at 20-30-80 years.
Scenarios are derived for the Case Studies.
Task 4.2 - Preliminary cascading effects
The task provides a preliminary assessment of cascading effects induced for the Case Studies due to the flooding scenarios. The main idea is to focus on infrastructures, human activities, coastal protected areas etc. In addition to the “territorial” inundation risk, indeed, the effects induced by the sea level rise might increase the enhancing direct and indirect increasing exposures for the population due to the clogging of wastewater treatment plants (urban or industrial), interferences with sewages systems, cross-contamination of river/soil/marine coastal areas (for example due to pesticides), levels of chemical contaminants in the environment and other local criticalities due to the presence of anthropic activities.
Based on the data available for the Case Studies referred to sensitive targets a quick mapping of the areas prone to be flooded in the next decades is provided.
Preliminary cascading effects will be derived for the Case Studies.
WP5 - Multi-risk analysis and socio-economic assessment of SLR
Leading institution: FONDAZIONE Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC)
Coastal zones are unique and fragile environments shaped by complex and dynamic interactions among physical, ecological and socio-economic features at the land-sea interface. They are threatened by multiple hazards (rising sea levels, extreme storm surges, water quality deterioration) which can be amplified by climate change and, in turn, trigger interrelated risks to natural and human systems. For example, the combination of extreme rainfall, coastal erosion and storm surge can lead to a compound flood and therefore to more severe risks to coastal assets and ecosystems. Moreover, a region recovering from a previous extreme event can face increased vulnerability to consecutive and recurrent hazard events.
Work Package 5 (WP5) applies cutting-edge assessment methods to evaluate the multiple impacts of sea-level rise in the coastal area of the city of Venice (Italy), main end-user of the project, considering both environmental and socio-economic elements at risk.
The results of the analysis provides guidance about how disaster management and climate adaptation can be better managed by considering a multi-risk perspective and to support local stakeholders in the definition of climate adaptation policies.
The specific objectives of WP5 are:
- Development of advanced methodologies for the assessment of local environmental and socio-economic risks induced by multiple climate-related hazards in coastal flood-prone areas.
- Evaluation of environmental and socio-economic impacts due to different climate scenarios.
Task 5.1- Multi-risk appraisal
The main aim of this task is to evaluate the potential risks induced by multiple climate-related hazards and changing exposure and vulnerability patterns (e.g. land-use/cover variation) in local coastal flood-prone areas (e.g. the city of Venice and its lagoon). The assessment will combine a set of indicators representing:
- climate change-amplified hazards;
- exposure of selected manufactured, natural, human and economic receptors potentially exposed to climate-related hazards;
- vulnerability comprising both present sensitivity to climate-induced hazards and adaptive capacity.
The methodology allows estimating the relative risks induced by multiple climate-related impacts (e.g. sea-level rise, floods, storms, extreme temperatures) on relevant targets such as population, natural ecosystems, infrastructures and cultural heritages.
The assessments are performed by applying several tools, including indicator- and index-based methods, decision support systems and advanced complex system analysis tools, to investigate the multiple hazard risk for the Case Studies.
The assessment is carried out in the City of Venice, considering the potential impacts on the historic areas, the lagoon ecosystem and the land-sea interface.
Task 5.2 - Socio-economic assessment
This task is aimed at evaluating socio-economic damages and losses due to different climate change-related hazards in terms of financial (i.e. direct damages to built or manufactured capital) and economic impacts (i.e. loss of production and, therefore, of GDP). Different types of economic methods and models specifically designed for the Italian socio-economic context (e.g. stage-damage-curves) are tailored and applied for the Case Studies to evaluate the local costs induced by specific types of climate events and scenarios (e.g. floods, coastal storms, sea level rise).
The assessment is performed considering different climate change scenarios (e.g. relative sea level projections at 20-30-80 years).
The socio-economic assessment allows identifying vulnerable hot-spots of the City of Venice, considering manufactured and economic sectors relevant for the local stakeholders.
WP6 - Improving an online mapping platform to share information on flooding scenarios
Leading institution: CENTRO DI GEOMORFOLOGIA INTEGRATA PER L'AREA DEL MEDITERRANEO (CGIAM)
Understanding the impact of Sea Level Rise on coastal land is strictly linked to the capability to visualize its effects on a map. Thematic maps are crucial in decision-making management and land-planning and are an efficient tool to raise the awareness of risks and vulnerabilities among the general public.
Work Package 6 (WP6) displays the potential flooding scenarios assessed in SAVEMEDCOASTS-2 project on maps and disseminates them through the Internet.
Maps are built with the Geographic Information System (GIS), which allows to gather, manage, analyze and plot georeferenced data; the web dissemination is carried out the webGIS, the on-line interactive implementation of GIS.
Furthermore the WP6 collects geospatial data in the Case Studies. The WP6 activities are crucial in the preparation phase of the flooding scenarios by plotting data on the maps. WP6 supports the assessment of SLR cascading effects derived in Work Package 4 and the multi-risk analysis and socio-economic impact of SLR, addressed in Work Package 5.
The webGIS platform is one of the most powerful tools for dissemination of the project results.
The specific objectives of WP6 are:
- Technical review, update and management of the SAVEMEDCOASTS webGIS platform implemented within SAVEMEDCOAST 1(http://webgis.savemedcoasts.eu/) in order to improve its overall performance and effectiveness as Decision Support System (DSS) for
land planners, decision makers, stakeholders and local communities, boosting information sharing on flooding risk and cascade propagation of climate change effects across physical and human systems through innovative mapping solutions.
- Collection and pre-processing of geospatial datasets acquired by other project partners on coastal and riverine flooding scenarios of target areas, to be integrated in the GIS, helpful to map the impact of cascading effects on local communities.
Task 6.1 - Technical review, update and management of webGIS
The already existing SAVEMEDCOASTS webGIS platform (http://webgis.savemedcoasts.eu/) is reviewed, upgraded and monitored. It represents a geospatial data-sharing hub built on Geographical Free and Open Source Software (GFOSS), as well as a user-friendly tool for creating and sharing interactive thematics maps.
The software stack configuration is updated and the already pre-processed resources (layers, maps and documents) migrated on the platform catalogue. Finally, the overall user experience is improved through further customizations of the webGIS user interface or new mapping applications.
The webGIS displays maps of the Mediterranean basin and the Case Studies.
Task 6.2 - Geospatial data collection and pre-processing
Geospatial data on target riverine and coastal areas are collected and pre-processed (quality check, database normalization, editing of metadata, styles, etc.). This task is preparatory for the creation of a geodatabase and therefore for the implementation of web mapping applications. Data will be opportunely cleaned, normalized, edited and transformed through specific GIS software libraries and algorithms and finally stored in a geodatabase, thus serving the web mapping platform and also external clients implementing OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) standards. Geospatial data are collected for the Mediterranean basin and the areas of the Case Studies.
WP7- Stakeholder Perception Analysis and Participatory Policy-Making
Leading institution: ISOTECH ltd - Environmental Research and Consultancy
Sea Level Rise is not simply an environmental problem; it can have, and very often does have, severe social and economic impacts. The extent to which these impacts are understood by stakeholders, including the general public, is not always known and can vary between areas and between different stakeholder groups. Such insight into stakeholder perceptions can identify important knowledge gaps and significantly improve the way in which information and data on SLR are communicated across regions and target groups.
Additionally, decision-making on SLR should be informed by scientific knowledge and data and should take into consideration the current and future impacts of SLR. Like all environmentally-related issues, decision-making should be participatory and take into consideration the needs of all stakeholders.
To this end, Work Package 7 (WP7) aims to gain an in-depth understanding of key stakeholder perceptions in each of the Case Studies and to engage key stakeholders, including decision-makers, in the development of site-specific Sea Level Rise Mitigation and Adaptation Policy Tools.
Among the stakeholders that WP7 actively engages are students and teachers, with the aim to understand their level of knowledge and perceptions with regards to SLR. This information is used by WP9 to develop appropriate communication messages and tools and undertake a dedicated communication campaign.
The objectives of WP7 are:
- To map the key stakeholders and decision-makers in each of the Case Studies.
- To record the perceptions of these stakeholders with regards to Sea Level Rise through surveys and semi-structured interviews.
- To analyse the stakeholder perceptions and identify perceived causes and impacts of Sea Level Rise, as well as mitigation and adaptation measures, which facilitates the fine-tuning of the communication/dissemination messages emerging from the project and, if necessary, adapt subsequent activities.
- To engage key stakeholders and decision-makers in the identification and prioritisation of site-specific Sea Level Rise abatement and mitigation measures, through the implementation of highly participatory consultation structures.
Task 7.1 - Stakeholder Mapping in each of the Case Studies
The key stakeholders are mapped.
ISOTECH, the leading institution of WP7, prepares a stakeholder mapping template, which includes potential stakeholder categories and sub-categories covering the sectors that are affected by SLR and/or that have the capacity/mandate to address SLR. The focal points in each of the Case Studies uses the template to identify specific individuals from within their areas. The identified stakeholders also include educators and students, who are engaged in a dedicated communication campaign as part of WP9. ISOTECH analyses the stakeholder characteristics, potential relations and conflicts of interest.
Stakeholders’ mapping is carried out in the Case Studies.
Task 7.2 - Analysis of Stakeholder Perception on Sea Level Rise
Stakeholder perceptions with regards to the causes of, impacts of and mitigation/adaptation measures to sea level rise are analysed.
Stakeholder perception questionnaires are developed and translated into local languages. The questionnaires are circulated to specific stakeholders identified through the stakeholder mapping exercise, as well as educators and students. At least 100 responses from each test site are expected and collected.
Semi-structured interviews are conducted with specific stakeholders in each of the case studies to gain an in-depth understanding of the causes and effects of SLR in each area, as well as the policy direction and measures that are taken/planned to address the issue.
Analysis of Stakeholder Perception is pursued in the Case Studies.
Task 7.3 - Identification of Gaps and Needs of Risk Data End-users, Decision-makers and other key Stakeholders through the DeCyDe-4 method.
A multi-stakeholder consultation and decision-support method, the DeCyDe-4 method, developed by ISOTECH is implemented to engage key stakeholders in the understanding of the risks posed by SLR in their area and the subsequent identification of effective adaptation/mitigation measures.
ISOTECH implements participatory DeCyDe-4-SLR workshops at each of the Case studies, involving key stakeholders and decision-makers. Through collective intelligence and decision-support methods, participating stakeholders identify gaps and needs relating to infrastructure and policy to address SLR impacts and risks, carry out a self-assessment of their area’s SRL risk, review potential abatement/mitigation measures proposed by ISOTECH based on their area’s characteristics, and agree on a prioritised list of SLR mitigation/adaptation measures for their area. The identified measures form the basis for the development of area-specific Policy Tools.
Gaps and needs identification are carried out in the four case studies areas of the project.
WP8 - Integration of risk assessment in the adaptation plans in Venice
The historic centre of Venice lies about 100 cm above the sea level and residents are not completely aware yet of how climate change will affect their livability. SAVEMEDCOAST-2 aims to fill this gap by sensitizing different stakeholders, testing their awareness and communicating updated information about sea-level rise projections.
The City of Venice, which is partner, main end user and one of the Case Study of the SAVEMEDCOASTS-2 Project, according to the commitment with the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy and C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, is drafting its first Climate Action Plan.
The climate adaptation plan will be based on the risk and vulnerability assessment that is going to be implemented with the scientific results coming from different Work Packages. Sharing information and learning one another are the fundamental milestones of the project.
The City of Venice supports the project by improving and sharing with the other partners its knowledge about the risk and vulnerability assessment of its territory and its lagoon in the field of its Climate Action Plan. The City provides support to the stakeholders' engagement and to the dissemination plan.
Task 8.1: Integration of the risk and vulnerability assessment in the aim of the Venice climate Action Plan
- This task integrates data and knowledge about the risk and vulnerability assessment in the adaptation plans. Lessons and good practises can be transferred to other coastal communities threatened to marine flooding and sea-level rise.
- The task is pursued through available data (environment, forecasts and statistics). Results are widely shared with other communities at national and European level.
- The integration of risk and vulnerability assessment is carried out in the Venice lagoon, its coast and mainland
Task 8.2: Support workshop with stakeholder and KnowRiskFlood campaign in the City of Venice
- We support the engagements of stakeholders for the stakeholder analysis by ISOTECH and the KnowRiskFlood campaign involving citizens to increase their awareness.
- We contact and involve selected stakeholders, citizens and schools; organize one workshop and one KnowRiskFlood campaign.
- The KnowRiskFlood campaign is held in the City of Venice, including the historic centre, the islands and mainland.
WP9 - KnowRiskFlood Communication campaign for coastal communities
Leading institution: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
Sea Level Rise is a topic included into the Climate Change public debate. This, although being a proper conceptual allocation, often causes specific issues about the rise of sea level to be shadowed by the major concerns on the changing climate. However, in order to effectively fill knowledge gaps and raise awareness on the need to implement measures that support coastal communities to face this hazard, the topic of Sea Level Rise is crucial and needs specific communication.
SAVEMEDCOAST-2 addresses this issue by implementing KnowRiskFlood (KRF), a risk communication campaign that embeds the engagement of stakeholders and risk education. The aim is to trigger awareness on acting right now, by involving local governance, and on acting for the future, by addressing the education sector. KnowRiskFlood is planned in the Case Studies.
The engagement process of stakeholders, schools included, starts in Work Package 7 (WP7) of the project and aims at identifying knowledge gaps and at improving communication across target groups.
Supported by the results of WP7, the KRF campaign can more effectively emphasize evidence, causes, effects, and solutions concerning Sea Level Rise. This approach facilitates KnowRiskFlood to help communities living along the low-land coasts of the Mediterranean sea to cope with the impact of inundations triggered by rising sea level.
The campaign includes three tasks, one of them more strictly on communication activity and two on dissemination activities
Risk communication objectives are summarized in three key concepts:
1) proactive: to foster a proactive attitude in coastal communities
2) preventative: to rely on damage prevention via non-structural measures
3) adaptive: to build capability to adapt to SLR in coastal areas
The objectives of the dissemination tasks are essentially to spread results to a large number of people
Task 9.1 - KnowRiskFlood campaign
The KRF campaign addresses last years’ compulsory schools in three countries of the project consortium. It stands on the identification of gaps, constraints and strategic contents capable to trigger proactive, preventative and adaptive attitudes. A tool-kit for schools is designed, implemented and tested.
Workshops and seminars are provided to selected stakeholders.
Gaps, constraints and contents are identified through the analysis of secondary data sources, interaction with school stakeholders and questionnaires. Brainstorming within the project's experts on specific topics support the identification of strategic contents.
The KRF campaign is carried out in the Case Studies.
Task 9.2 - Website
The project web portal is the major tool to address the dissemination objectives of the work package. It is populated with project description, results, videos and photo galleries, and resources addressing needs of the project’s target public.